Neuropathy is a basic term signifying disruptions in the typical functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are different and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is almost irreversible and the treatment is mainly focused on preventing further progression of the nerve damage and other encouraging procedures to avoid any issues due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary shortages are primarily treated with the replenishment of the lacking nutrient. Neuropathies due to deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by giving the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is due to defective absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment may or might not entirely reverse the neuropathy and ease the signs and oftentimes there is some long-term damage to nerves and consistent symptoms in spite of therapy. Recently neuropathy due to copper deficiency has actually likewise been found. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Once again the reaction is variable and may take many months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on specific cause and the nerve involved. Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment varies from medical techniques like NSAID (like Ibuprofen), regional injection of steroids in wrist, and preventing annoying factors like typing in nerve damage treatment wrong positions, use of hand tools and so on. If signs not eased by this method, then surgery is also an option and is usually alleviative if no long-term damage to nerve has already taken place. Again, each neuropathy is unique and treatment varies.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary disease triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is because of Myxedema, brought on by lack of thyroid hormone, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormonal agent. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is primarily helpful. In diabetic neuropathies, some forms like Mononeuropathies are reversible however the majority of are permanent. Stringent control of blood glucose levels to slow the more development is of critical significance. Other treatment is based on the signs, like discomfort is handled with NSAID and many other drugs. Similarly the neuropathy related to Rheumatoid Arthritis typically responds to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the allergen food product triggering neuropathy. There may be some particular treatment in particular cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can typically be prevented by offering pyridoxine along with it.
Numerous a times, the neuropathy is practically irreversible and the treatment is generally focused on avoiding further development of the nerve damage and other encouraging steps to prevent any issues due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on specific cause and the nerve included. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary disease triggering the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is avoiding the irritant food item causing neuropathy.